photo - Green naped Pigeon, red back and wing feathers, with purple/black breast feathers, and head has same color with red eye, red bill sitting on plant leaf, with green leaf background

Pigeon, Green-naped Pheasant

Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Otidiphaps
Species: nobilis

Found on western New Guinea, Batanta and Waigeo Islands.

Tropical rainforest habitats.

Weight: Apx. 1.1 lbs.
Length: 15 – 20 inches


  • Nests are found on the ground below trees and bushes.
  • Females will lay one egg that will hatch in about 4 weeks.
  • Both parents take turns caring for young.
  • Like other pigeon species, they feed their young regurgitated crop milk.

Wild: Seeds and fallen fruits.


There is not much known about the green-naped pheasant pigeon, and what little is known is observed from zoos. It is known that they shy away from human-inhabited areas.


  • They are classified as pigeons but their behaviors resemble that of pheasants that are native to the area. This is a good example of convergent evolution, which is when two species that are not closely related evolve similarly as they fit similar niches in that environment.
  • They have different calls including typical pigeon cooing sounds, drilling sounds and louder songs.
  • They are primarily terrestrial birds.

Because they avoid human-inhabited areas, they are declining but this decline has not been quantified. While they are still considered to be classified as least concern, other species in the family such as the white-necked pheasant pigeon and the black-necked pheasant pigeon are considered endangered due to deforestation. More research will be required to accurately label this species.