Sea Lion Training

Seal and Sea Lion Habitat

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Sparkling pools of water…
Icy glaciers in the background…
The sharp sound of sea lions barking as they frolic and play…

This spacious, state-of-the-art exhibit was designed to house sea lions and seals. With 108,000 gallons of recycled salt water in the main pool, they are enjoying leisurely days of swimming, playing and basking in their new digs.

Zoo visitors are enjoying some creature comforts of their own. With both above-ground and underwater viewing available it is possible to see these fascinating animals from almost any angle. A 200 seat amphitheatre provides shaded seating for daily training and enrichment presentations.

Fun Facts About the Exhibit

  • The Seal and Sea Lion habitat has the potential to hold a total of 14 seals and sea lions.
  • The habitat’s state-of-the-art outdoor pool holds 110,000 gallons of salt water.
  • The pool depth ranges from 0 feet in the shallow end to 9 feet in the deep end.
  • The chilled salt water temperature never goes above 65 degrees.
  • The salt water is recirculated through high-rate sand filters and ozone systems.
  • We get 25 tons of salt at a time to make brine. The brine is then added to the water for the seal and sea lion pool to acclimate the 110,000 gallon pool to the desired salinity. Salinity concentration is tested by staff on a daily basis using a digital refractometer. Sea water salinity is 32 parts per thousand. Drinking water has salinity of less than 0.5 parts per thousand. Salt water is equivalent to about 5 ounces of salt in 1 gallon of water.
  • The spacious, shaded seating for visitors in the amphitheater seats 200.
  • Most of the “wood” you see in the exhibit is in fact concrete painted to look like weathered wood.

Meet the Seals and Sea Lions

Glacier Run has the potential to house a total of 14 seals and sea lions. So far, the following pinnipeds call it their home (although more will join the group over time).


  • California Sea Lion
  • Born in 2014 and relocated to the Louisville Zoo in 2015.
  • Stranded on the California coast and rescued.
  • Relocated to the Louisville Zoo from the California Wildlife Center.
  • Very energetic and is referred to by staff as a “rocket”.
  • Learn more about Riva in our Trunkline article.
  • See more information about Riva’s rescue in our Press Release.


  • California Sea Lion
  • Born at the Louisville Zoo in 1993
  • Bart has a big personality. He is impressive in stature and can be a little pushy.
  • He can also sometimes be a troublemaker.


  • Harbor seal
  • Born in 2002
  • She was relocated from the Lincoln Children’s Zoo in Nebraska in 2010


  • California sea lion
  • Born in 1990
  • He was relocated from the Birmingham Zoo in Alabama in 2010.
  • Triton is very easy-going and likes to participate in training activities with his keepers.


  • California sea lion
  • Born August 6, 2003
  • Relocated to the Louisville Zoo in 2013 from the Miller Park Zoo in Bloomington, IL.


  • Gray seal.
  • Born in 2014 at the Smithsonian National Zoo
  • Relocated to the Louisville Zoo in 2016.
  • It was her first time meeting sea lions!


  • Gray seal
  • Born in 2004 from Chicago’s Brookfield Zoo
  • Came to the Louisville Zoo in May 2018.
  • He has a distinguishable arched nose.


  • Gray seal
  • Born in 1988
  • From Chicago’s Brookfield Zoo.
  • Came to the Louisville Zoo in May 2018.

These three harbor seals are the newest additions to Glacier Run. Read about them in Trunkline.


  • Harbor seal
  • Born in 2012
  • Arrived from Miller Park Zoo in Illinois in October 2018.
  • Has a big personality, sassy.


  • Harbor seal
  • Born in 2011
  • Arrived from Miller Park Zoo in Illinois in October 2018.
  • Known for being playful, energetic.


  • Harbor seal
  • Kilian Born in 2013
  • Arrived from Miller Park Zoo in Illinois in October 2018.
  • Known as a “training star,” always eager to interact.

What is the difference between seals and sea lions?

Seals and sea lions are in the pinniped family. Pinnipeds are aquatic carnivorous mammals that have a streamlined body specialized for swimming with limbs modified as flippers. Here are some ways to tell the difference between a seal and sea lion:

Sea Lions

  • Considered the arcobats of the ocean
  • Have earflaps
  • Have long hairless front flippers
  • Have long smooth whiskers or vibrissae
  • Their hind flippers rotate underneath to allow them to be agile and walk quickly on land
  • They swim underwater using front flippers like wings of a bird


  • Have ear holes
  • Have short, hairy front flippers & long claws
  • They move awkwardly on land by pulling themselves with front flippers and keeping their hind flippers straight out (like an inch worm – keeping their bellies to the ground).
  • They swim by steering with fore flippers and powering with hind flippers

Learn more about the species in the Seal and Sea Lion Habitat