Bird

Amazon, Yellow-Headed

RANGE
Pacific coastal forests of southern Mexico, Gulf-Caribbean slope of Mexico, Belize and northwest Honduras.

HABITAT
Deciduous forests, open woodlands and pine ridges within their range.

SIZE
Medium-sized parrots averaging 13–14 inches. (35 cm)

LIFE EXPECTANCY
Wild: 20 years
Captivity: Have lived to 50+ years

REPRODUCTION

  • Breeding pairs will seek out a hollow in a tree trunk which they will work together to enlarge in order to build their nest.
  • The female generally lays 3–4 eggs which she incubates for 25 days. The male stays nearby and twice a day the female will leave the nest to find her mate, who feeds her by regurgitation.

DIET
Wild: Fruits, seeds, nuts, berries and blossoms
Zoo: Sunflower seeds, fruit, peanuts, vegetables, mixed seeds.

BEHAVIOR

  • During the day these parrots feed in small groups throughout the treetops and may even venture to within 6 feet of the ground in their search for food.
  • They are strong flyers and fly high above the trees except when traveling short distances.
  • They have set roosting areas which they return to each day at dusk.

POINTS OF INTEREST
These parrots and related subspecies are sought by pet traders due to their reputation as good talkers and mimics.

STATUS
The yellow-headed amazon is considered endangered by the IUCN, and is on the CITES Appendix I. This species is declining in numbers because of deforestation, habitat destruction, and due to the removal of large numbers of young birds from the wild for the pet trade.

REFERENCES
1. www.iucnredlist.org
2. www.cites.org
3. www.eol.org